There are three elements to the Environmental Management Scheme, which applies to England.
Sustainable Farming Incentive: accounts for the bulk of the money, focused on supporting farmers judged by Defra to be working the land in an environmentally friendly way.
Local Nature Recovery: gives farmers funding for creating, managing, and restoring woodland, wetlands, peatlands and other habitats.
Landscape Recovery: supports clusters of farms to work together on large projects, including peatland restoration and the planting of forests.
Defra identifies six sets of ‘public goods’ for the scheme: clean air; clean and plentiful water; thriving plants and wildlife; reduction in and protection from environmental hazards; mitigation and adaptation to climate change; enhanced beauty, heritage and engagement with the natural environment.
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